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Materials 2019, 12(6), 886; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12060886

Identification of Mechanical Properties for Titanium Alloy Ti-6Al-4V Produced Using LENS Technology

1
Department of Mechanics and Applied Computer Science, Military University of Technology, Gen. W. Urbanowicza 2 St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Advanced Materials and Technologies; Military University of Technology, Gen. W. Urbanowicza 2 St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 16 March 2019
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Abstract

This paper presents a characterization study of specimens manufactured from Ti-6Al-4V powder with the use of laser engineered net shaping technology (LENS). Two different orientations of the specimens were considered to analyze the loading direction influence on the material mechanical properties. Moreover, two sets of specimens, as-built (without heat treatment) and after heat treatment, were used. An optical measurement system was also adopted for determining deformation of the specimen, areas of minimum and the maximum principal strain, and an effective plastic strain value at failure. The loading direction dependence on the material properties was observed with a significant influence of the orientation on the stress and strain level. Microstructure characterization was examined with the use of optical and scanning electron microscopes (SEM); in addition, the electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) was also used. The fracture mechanism was discussed based on the fractography analysis. The presented comprehensive methodology proved to be effective and it could be implemented for different materials in additive technologies. The material data was used to obtain parameters for the selected constitutive model to simulate the energy absorbing structures manufactured with LENS technology. Therefore, a brief discussion related to numerical modelling of the LENS Ti-6Al-4V alloy was also included in the paper. The numerical modelling confirmed the correctness of the acquired material data resulting in a reasonable reproduction of the material behavior during the cellular structure deformation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; Ti-6Al-4V; LENS; mechanical characterization additive manufacturing; Ti-6Al-4V; LENS; mechanical characterization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Szafrańska, A.; Antolak-Dudka, A.; Baranowski, P.; Bogusz, P.; Zasada, D.; Małachowski, J.; Czujko, T. Identification of Mechanical Properties for Titanium Alloy Ti-6Al-4V Produced Using LENS Technology. Materials 2019, 12, 886.

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