3D Analysis of Deformation and Porosity of Dry Natural Snow during Compaction
AbstractThe present study focuses on three-dimensional (3D) microstructure analysis of dry natural snow during compaction. An X-ray computed microtomography (micro-CT) system was used to record a total of 1601 projections of a snow volume. Experiments were performed in-situ at four load states as 0 MPa, 0.3 MPa, 0.6 MPa and 0.8 MPa, to investigate the effect of compaction on structural features of snow grains. The micro-CT system produces high resolution images (4.3 μm voxel) in 6 h of scanning time. The micro-CT images of the investigated snow volume illustrate that grain shapes are mostly dominated by needles, capped columns and dendrites. It was found that a significant number of grains appeared to have a deep hollow core irrespective of the grain shape. Digital volume correlation (DVC) was applied to investigate displacement and strain fields in the snow volume due to the compaction. Results from the DVC analysis show that grains close to the moving punch experience most of the displacement. The reconstructed snow volume is segmented into several cylinders via horizontal cross-sectioning, to evaluate the vertical heterogeneity of porosity distribution of the snow volume. It was observed that the porosity (for the whole volume) in principle decreases as the level of compaction increases. A distinct vertical heterogeneity is observed in porosity distribution in response to compaction. The observations from this initial study may be useful to understand the snow microstructure under applied stress. View Full-Text
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Eppanapelli, L.K.; Forsberg, F.; Casselgren, J.; Lycksam, H. 3D Analysis of Deformation and Porosity of Dry Natural Snow during Compaction. Materials 2019, 12, 850.
Eppanapelli LK, Forsberg F, Casselgren J, Lycksam H. 3D Analysis of Deformation and Porosity of Dry Natural Snow during Compaction. Materials. 2019; 12(6):850.Chicago/Turabian Style
Eppanapelli, Lavan K.; Forsberg, Fredrik; Casselgren, Johan; Lycksam, Henrik. 2019. "3D Analysis of Deformation and Porosity of Dry Natural Snow during Compaction." Materials 12, no. 6: 850.
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