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Review

Chemical Synthesis of Silk-Mimetic Polymers

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(24), 4086; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244086
Received: 28 October 2019 / Revised: 2 December 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 6 December 2019
Silk is a naturally occurring high-performance material that can surpass man-made polymers in toughness and strength. The remarkable mechanical properties of silk result from the primary sequence of silk fibroin, which bears semblance to a linear segmented copolymer with alternating rigid (“crystalline”) and flexible (“amorphous”) blocks. Silk-mimetic polymers are therefore of great emerging interest, as they can potentially exhibit the advantageous features of natural silk while possessing synthetic flexibility as well as non-natural compositions. This review describes the relationships between primary sequence and material properties in natural silk fibroin and furthermore discusses chemical approaches towards the synthesis of silk-mimetic polymers. In particular, step-growth polymerization, controlled radical polymerization, and copolymerization with naturally derived silk fibroin are presented as strategies for synthesizing silk-mimetic polymers with varying molecular weights and degrees of sequence control. Strategies for improving macromolecular solubility during polymerization are also highlighted. Lastly, the relationships between synthetic approach, supramolecular structure, and bulk material properties are explored in this review, with the aim of providing an informative perspective on the challenges facing chemical synthesis of silk-mimetic polymers with desirable properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: silk-mimetic polymers; bioinspired materials; macromolecular self-assembly silk-mimetic polymers; bioinspired materials; macromolecular self-assembly
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sarkar, A.; Connor, A.J.; Koffas, M.; Zha, R.H. Chemical Synthesis of Silk-Mimetic Polymers. Materials 2019, 12, 4086. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244086

AMA Style

Sarkar A, Connor AJ, Koffas M, Zha RH. Chemical Synthesis of Silk-Mimetic Polymers. Materials. 2019; 12(24):4086. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244086

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sarkar, Amrita, Alexander J. Connor, Mattheos Koffas, and R. H. Zha. 2019. "Chemical Synthesis of Silk-Mimetic Polymers" Materials 12, no. 24: 4086. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244086

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