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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Flexural Behavior of Wood-Polypropylene Composites

1
Key Laboratory of Textile Science Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
2
Shandong Academy of Sciences Institute of Information, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250014, China
3
Innovation Center for Textile Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(23), 3987; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12233987
Received: 1 November 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
The mechanical properties of wood-polypropylene composites exhibit typical viscoelasticity. However, there is little information on the mechanical properties of wood-polypropylene composites related to temperature and time, which limits the use of wood-polypropylene composites as structural components. Here, the effect of time (strain rate) and temperature on the flexural properties and the master curve of the storage modulus used to predict the long-term performance of wood-polypropylene composites were investigated. The results showed that the flexural strength and modulus increased linearly with the increase of wood contend, which can increase by 134% and 257% respectively when the mass fraction of wood powder reached 45%. Moreover, there was a positive linear relationship between flexural strength and ln strain rate, while the flexural strength and modulus decreased as temperature elevated. The storage modulus as a function of frequency (time) and temperature confirmed this trend. To evaluate the long-term performance, the storage modulus master curve was constructed and the respective activation energy was calculated, which revealed that the long-term performance of the samples depended on the matrix and the addition of an appropriate amount of wood powder was beneficial to improve their durability. View Full-Text
Keywords: wood powder; polypropylene; injection technique; time-temperature superposition principle wood powder; polypropylene; injection technique; time-temperature superposition principle
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Wang, W.; Guo, X.; Liu, L.; Zhang, R.; Yu, J. Effect of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Flexural Behavior of Wood-Polypropylene Composites. Materials 2019, 12, 3987.

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