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Experimental and Numerical Studies of Low-Profile, Triangular Grid-Stiffened Plates Subjected to Shear Load in the Post-Critical States of Deformation

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszów University of Technology, al. Powst. Warszawy 8, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
Materials 2019, 12(22), 3699; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12223699 (registering DOI)
Received: 6 October 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 9 November 2019
Constant developments in manufacturing technology have made it possible to introduce integrally stiffened elements into load-bearing, thin-walled structures. The application of thin-walled elements with integral stiffeners potentially increases buckling and critical loads to maintain the mass of the structure and lower production costs. This paper presents the results of experimental investigations and numerical Finite Element Modelling (FEM) analyses of low-profile, isosceles grid stiffened, aluminium alloy plates subjected to pure shear load. Conducted research included analysing buckling and post-buckling states of deformation, taking into account both geometrical and physical nonlinear effects. Use of the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) system during the experimental tests created representative equilibrium pathways and recorded displacement field distributions over the plate surface. The model was initially validated against the experimental results. The results for the stiffened plate were compared to the reference structure in the form of a smooth plate with equivalent mass. Comparative analyses included examining the displacement fields and stress efforts over the plates. The stiffening configuration under examination increased the critical buckling load by 300% in comparison to the unstiffened structure with the same mass. Obtained results also indicate potential problems with areas of concentrated stress in the case of an incorrect geometry design near to the boundary conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: thin-walled structures; integral structures; stiffened plate deformations; triangular grid stiffened structure; post-critical deformations; isogrid structures; aerospace structures; aircraft load-bearing structures; nonlinear numerical analyses; digital image correlation thin-walled structures; integral structures; stiffened plate deformations; triangular grid stiffened structure; post-critical deformations; isogrid structures; aerospace structures; aircraft load-bearing structures; nonlinear numerical analyses; digital image correlation
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Święch, Ł. Experimental and Numerical Studies of Low-Profile, Triangular Grid-Stiffened Plates Subjected to Shear Load in the Post-Critical States of Deformation. Materials 2019, 12, 3699.

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