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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Post Weld Heat Treatment Precipitation on Duplex Stainless Steels Weld Overlay towards Pitting Corrosion

1
Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University of Malaysia, Miri 98000, Malaysia
3
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology Warangal, Telangana 506004, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(20), 3285; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12203285
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 6 September 2019 / Accepted: 12 September 2019 / Published: 10 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials and Coatings for Extreme Environments)
Duplex stainless steels (DSSs) are complex materials and they have been widely used in the marine environment and gas industries, primarily offering a better resistance of pitting corrosion and good mechanical properties. In the present work, the effects of heat treatment on duplex stainless steel (DSS) weld overlay samples that were heat treated at three different temperatures, namely 350 °C, 650 °C, and 1050 °C, and followed by air cooling and water quenching were studied. Stress relief temperature at 650 °C had induced sigma phase precipitation in between delta ferrite and austenite (δ/γ) grain boundaries, resulting in the loss of corrosion resistance in the weld metal. Interestingly, post weld heat treatment (PWHT) test samples that were reheated to solution annealing temperature had shown no weight loss. The ferrite count determination in the region of weld metal overlay increased at hydrogen relief and decreased at stress relief temperatures due to slow cooling, which is more favorable to austenite formation. The amount of ferrite in the weld metals was significantly reduced with the increment of solution anneal temperature to 1050 °C because of sufficient time for the formation of austenite and giving optimum equilibrium fraction in the welds. View Full-Text
Keywords: duplex stainless steel; PWHT; dilution; weld overlay; solution annealing; pitting corrosion and ferrite count duplex stainless steel; PWHT; dilution; weld overlay; solution annealing; pitting corrosion and ferrite count
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sim, B.-M.; Hong, T.-S.; Hanim, M. .-A.; Tchan, E.-J.N.; Talari, M.-K. The Influence of Post Weld Heat Treatment Precipitation on Duplex Stainless Steels Weld Overlay towards Pitting Corrosion. Materials 2019, 12, 3285.

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