Next Article in Journal
SEM Image Analysis in Permeable Recycled Concretes with Silica Fume. A Quantitative Comparison of Porosity and the ITZ
Previous Article in Journal
Friction Behavior of Silver Perrhenate in Oil as Lubricating Additive for Use at Elevated Temperatures
Previous Article in Special Issue
Unified First Order Inertial Element Based Model of Magnetostrictive Hysteresis and Lift-Off Phenomenon
Article Menu
Issue 13 (July-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Evolution of Power Losses in Bending Rolled Fully Finished NO Electrical Steel Treated under Unconventional Annealing Conditions

Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 04001 Košice, Slovakia
Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, Pavol Jozef Safarik University, Park Angelinum 9, 041 54 Košice, Slovakia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(13), 2200;
Received: 19 June 2019 / Revised: 5 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 July 2019 / Published: 8 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetoelastic Materials)
PDF [6904 KB, uploaded 8 July 2019]


Currently, the non-oriented (NO) iron-silicon steels are extensively used as the core materials in various electrical devises due to excellent combination of their mechanical and soft magnetic properties. The present study introduces a fairly innovative technological approach applicable for fully finished NO electrical steel before punching the laminations. It is based on specific mechanical processing by bending and rolling in combination with subsequent annealing under dynamic heating conditions. It has been revealed that the proposed unconventional treatment clearly led to effective improvement of the steel magnetic properties thanks to its beneficial effects involving additional grain growth with appropriate crystallographic orientation and residual stress relief. The philosophy of the proposed processing was based on employing the phenomena of selective grain growth by strain-induced grain boundary migration and a steep temperature gradient through the cross-section of heat treated specimens at dynamic heating conditions. The stored deformation energy necessary for the grain growth was provided by plastic deformation induced within the studied specimens during the bending and rolling process. The magnetic measurements clearly show that the specimens treated according to our approach exhibited more than 17% decrease in watt losses in comparison with the specimens treated by conventional heat treatment leading only to stress relief without additional grain growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrical steel; crystallographic texture; magnetic losses; bending deformation electrical steel; crystallographic texture; magnetic losses; bending deformation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Petryshynets, I.; Kováč, F.; Füzer, J.; Falat, L.; Puchý, V.; Kollár, P. Evolution of Power Losses in Bending Rolled Fully Finished NO Electrical Steel Treated under Unconventional Annealing Conditions. Materials 2019, 12, 2200.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top