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Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of Laser–TIG Welded ME21 Rare Earth Mg Alloy

School of Material Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Key Laboratory of Liaoning Advanced Welding and Joining Technology, Dalian 116024, China
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Materials 2019, 12(13), 2188; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12132188
Received: 15 June 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 8 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Materials Fabrication and Joining)
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Abstract

The microstructural and mechanical properties of laser–tungsten inert gas (TIG) hybrid welding of Mg alloy sheets for automobiles are investigated in the present work, including AZ31 and ME21, AZ31 and AZ31, ME21 and ME21, and corresponding comparisons were carried out. The results show that columnar crystals appear in the ME21/ME21 and ME21/AZ31 heat-affected zones, and no columnar crystals formed in the AZ31/AZ31 fusion zone under a constant heat ratio of arc to laser. Heat accumulation in a narrow area and the undercooling degree are the two main factors for the formation of columnar crystal. The ME21/ME21 joint has a tensile strength of up to 185.2 MPa, which is about 81.8% of that of the ME21 base metal (BM-ME21). The tensile strength of the ME21/AZ31 joint (158.8 MPa) is lower than that of the ME21/ME21 joint. The fracture of the ME21/ME21 and ME21/AZ31 joints occurs at the junction of the columnar crystal and the heat-affected zone. The microhardness of the ME21/AZ31 joint presents a low–high–low–high trend from BE-ME21 to BE-AZ31, and the distribution of the ME21/AZ31 welded joint microhardness in the cross-section presents a low–high–low trend. The ME21/ME21 weld seam is composed of an AlCe3 intermetallic compound, Mn particles, and α-Mg, and the ME21/AZ31 weld seam is composed of a α-Mg, Mg17Al12, and AlCe3 intermetallic compound. View Full-Text
Keywords: ME21 Mg alloy; AZ31 Mg alloy; columnar crystals; microstructure; microhardness ME21 Mg alloy; AZ31 Mg alloy; columnar crystals; microstructure; microhardness
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Li, T.; Song, G.; Zhang, Z.; Liu, L. Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of Laser–TIG Welded ME21 Rare Earth Mg Alloy. Materials 2019, 12, 2188.

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