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Materials 2019, 12(1), 173; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12010173

Effects on the Mechanical Properties of Nacre-Like Bio-Hybrid Membranes with Inter-Penetrating Petal Structure Based on Magadiite

1
Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, School of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
2
PCFM and GDHPPC Labs, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
3
Department of Robotics & Mechatronics Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
4
Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 24 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 7 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Nanocomposites for Flexible Sensor)
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Abstract

Rigid biological systems are increasingly becoming a source of inspiration for the fabrication of the advanced functional materials due to their diverse hierarchical structures and remarkable engineering properties. As a bionic biomaterial with a clear layered structure, excellent mechanical properties, and interesting rainbow colors, nacre has become one of the most attractive models for novel artificial materials design. In this research paper, the tough and strong nacre-like bio-hybrid membranes with an interpenetrating petals structure were fabricated from chitosan (CS) and magadiite (MAG) clay nanosheets through the gel-casting self-assembling method. The analyses from X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and observations of water droplets on membranes indicated that the nacre-like hybrid membranes had a layered compact structure. Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses suggested that the CS molecular chains formed chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds with MAG layers. The inter-penetrating petal layered structure had a good effect on the mechanical properties of a nacre-like bio-hybrid membranes and the tensile strength of the hybrid membranes could reach at 78.6 MPa. However, the transmission analyses of the results showed that the hybrid membranes still had a certain visible light transmittance. Finally, the hybrid membranes possessed an intriguing efficient fire-shielding property during exposure to the flame of alcohol burner. Consequently, the great biocompatibility and excellent mechanical properties of the bio-hybrid membranes with the special interpenetrating petals structure provides a great opportunity for these composites to be widely applied in biomaterial research. View Full-Text
Keywords: magadiite; chitosan; nacre-like; inter-penetrating petals; bio-hybrid membranes magadiite; chitosan; nacre-like; inter-penetrating petals; bio-hybrid membranes
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Ge, M.; Wang, X.; Du, M.; Liang, G.; Hu, G.; S.M., J.A. Effects on the Mechanical Properties of Nacre-Like Bio-Hybrid Membranes with Inter-Penetrating Petal Structure Based on Magadiite. Materials 2019, 12, 173.

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