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Open AccessArticle

Fabrication of Mo-Doped WO3 Nanorod Arrays on FTO Substrate with Enhanced Electrochromic Properties

The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Key Laboratory for Ferrous Metallurgy and Resources Utilization of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Nano-Science and Nano-Technology Research Center, Materials Science and Engineering College, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(9), 1627;
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Functional Nanomaterials and Their Applications)
Well-oriented and crystalline WO3 nanorod arrays (WNRAs) decorated with Mo were synthesized on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate by the hydrothermal method. The effects of Mo doping, hydrothermal reaction time, and hydrothermal temperature on the morphologies and electrochromic properties of as-prepared WNRAs were studied thoroughly. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and chronoamperometry techniques were used to characterize the structures and properties of obtained WNRAs. The results demonstrate that the average diameter of the as-prepared WNRAs ranged from 30 to 70 nm. During the decoration of Mo on the WNRAs, the growth density of as-prepared WNRAs decreased and the surfaces became rough. However, the decorated Mo on WNRAs synthesized at 180 °C for 5 h with a Mo/W mole ratio of 1:40 exhibited better electrochromic properties than single WNRAs. They exhibited high optical modulation (61.7%), fast bleaching/coloring response times (3 s/9 s), high coloration efficiency values (73.1 cm2/C), and good cycling stability. View Full-Text
Keywords: WO3; Mo doping; nanorods array; hydrothermal method; electrochromic WO3; Mo doping; nanorods array; hydrothermal method; electrochromic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, B.; Man, W.; Yu, H.; Li, Y.; Zheng, F. Fabrication of Mo-Doped WO3 Nanorod Arrays on FTO Substrate with Enhanced Electrochromic Properties. Materials 2018, 11, 1627.

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