In this work, a novel and sensitive fluorescent biosensor based on polydopamine coated Zr-based metal–organic framework (PDA/UiO-66) is presented for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) detection. This PDA/UiO-66 nanoparticle which holds a great potential to be excellent fluorescence quencher can protect the 6-carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-labeled probe from cleaved by DNase I dispersed in solution and the flurescence of labeled FAM is quenched. When ATP molecules exist, aptamers on the PDA/UiO-66 nanoparticles can hybridize with ATP molecule to form complex structure that will be desorbed from the PDA/UiO-66 and digested by DNase I. After that, the released ATP molecule can react with another aptamer on the PDA/UiO-66 complexes, then restarts a new cycle. Herein, the excellent strong fluorescence quenching ability and uploading more amount of aptamer probes of PDA/UiO-66 composites make them efficient biosensors, leading to a high sensitivity with detection limit of 35 nM. Compared with ATP detection directly by UiO-66-based method, the LOD is about 5.7 times higher with PDA/UiO-66 nanoparticle. Moreover, the enhanced biocompatibility and bioactivity with PDA layer of the composites render a proposed strategy for clinical diagnosis field of detecting small biological molecules in vivo in the future.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited