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Materials 2018, 11(9), 1568; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11091568

Biobased Functional Carbon Materials: Production, Characterization, and Applications—A Review

Department of Conversion Technologies of Biobased Resources, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 9, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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Received: 3 August 2018 / Revised: 23 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Biomass-Derived Carbon Materials)
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Abstract

Even though research on porous carbon materials from biomass dates back to at least hundred years, it is still an extremely relevant topic. These materials can be found in applications that range from those that are widely known, such as water treatment, to others that are newer and indispensable for the transition towards environmentally friendly technologies, such as lithium- and sodium-ion batteries. This review summarizes some of the most relevant research that has been published concerning production technologies, insights on the chemical reaction mechanisms, characterization techniques, as well as some examples of the applications and the properties that the carbon materials must fulfil to be used in those applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; carbon materials; pyrolysis; hydrothermal carbonization; activation; water treatment; energy storage; gas separation; adsorption biomass; carbon materials; pyrolysis; hydrothermal carbonization; activation; water treatment; energy storage; gas separation; adsorption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Correa, C.R.; Kruse, A. Biobased Functional Carbon Materials: Production, Characterization, and Applications—A Review. Materials 2018, 11, 1568.

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