Biomass is known to efficiently adsorb pollutants from wastewater. In this paper, we demonstrated that a new antistatic oil-cleaning material can be prepared and assembled by using two surfactants, alkyl polyglucosides (APG) and dimethyl octadecyl hydroxy ethyl ammonium nitrate (SN), to modify calcined mussel shell powder (CMSP) through a two-step hydrotherm-assisted adsorption. The pore size and structure of CMSP was measured by BET and a contact angle meter was used to characterize the surface wetting ability. XRD, FTIR, XPS, SEM, TEM, and HRTEM were employed to determine the surface structure of CMSP modified by surfactants APG and SN (MMO). In order to further characterize properties of the surface morphology and crystal structure, the HRTEM was employed to show that the MMO surface had a single crystal structure: calcite, with a crystal plane spacing of 0.2467 nm. The surface of MMO appeared to be fluffy and disperse. The antistatic and degreasing ability of as-prepared samples (MMO) was evaluated by a ZC-36 high resistance meter and BD-457 whiteness meter. The results showed that when the calcination temperature of CMSP reached 1000 °C, and the addition amount of APG and SN was 0.8 g and 0.16 g, it had an optimum antistatic effect with a surface resistivity (Rs
) of 1.35 × 108
Ω, and a detergency rate to oil of 17.35%. This study aims to embrace a green solution to reduce environmental pressure and make use of waste, which is of great significance to environmental protection.
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