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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Fracture Behaviors of an Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloy

School of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
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Materials 2018, 11(7), 1233; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11071233
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 30 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
Effects of temperature and strain rate on the fracture behaviors of an Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy are investigated by isothermal uniaxial tensile experiments at a wide range of temperatures and strain rates, from room temperature (RT) to 400 °C and from 10−4 s−1 to 10−1 s–1, respectively. Generally, the elevation of temperature leads to the increasing of elongation to fracture and the reduction of peak stress, while higher strain rate results in the decreasing of elongation to fracture and the increasing of peak stress. Interestingly, we found that the coefficient of strain rate sensitivity (m-value) considerably rises at 200 °C and work of fracture (Wf) fluctuates drastically with the increase of strain rate at RT and 100 °C, both of which signify a non-uniform and unstable deformation state below 200 °C. A competition of work hardening (WH) and dynamic recrystallization (DRX) exists at 200 °C, making it serve as a transitional temperature. Below 200 °C, WH is the main deformation mechanism of flow stress, and DRX dominates the flow stress above 200 °C. It has been found that from RT to 200 °C, the main feature of microstructure is the generation of dimples and microvoids. Above 200 °C, the coalescence of dimples and microvoids mainly leads to the failure of specimen, while the phenomenon of typically equiaxed dimples and nucleation appear at 400 °C. The observations of microstructure are perfectly consistent with the related macroscopic results. The present work is able to provide a comprehensive understanding of flow stress of an Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy at a wide range of temperatures and strain rates, which will offer valuable information to the optimization of the hot forming process and structural design of the studied alloy. View Full-Text
Keywords: quasi-static tensile deformation; Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy; plastic deformation; fracture morphology; microstructure quasi-static tensile deformation; Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy; plastic deformation; fracture morphology; microstructure
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Guo, Y.; Zhou, M.; Sun, X.; Qian, L.; Li, L.; Xie, Y.; Liu, Z.; Wu, D.; Yang, L.; Wu, T.; Zhao, D.; Wang, J.; Zhao, H. Effects of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Fracture Behaviors of an Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloy. Materials 2018, 11, 1233.

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