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Materials 2018, 11(6), 982; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11060982

Investigation of the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Copper-Graphite Composites Reinforced with Single-Crystal α-Al2O3 Fibres by Hot Isostatic Pressing

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, Sichuan, China
2
Tsinghua Innovation Center in Dongguan, Advanced Composite Materials Research Department, Dongguan 523808, Guangdong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 9 June 2018 / Published: 11 June 2018
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Abstract

Single-crystal α-Al2O3 fibres can be utilized as a novel reinforcement in high-temperature composites owing to their high elastic modulus, chemical and thermal stability. Unlike non-oxide fibres and polycrystalline alumina fibres, high-temperature oxidation and polycrystalline particles boundary growth will not occur for single-crystal α-Al2O3 fibres. In this work, single-crystal α-Al2O3 whiskers and Al2O3 particles synergistic reinforced copper-graphite composites were fabricated by mechanical alloying and hot isostatic pressing techniques. The phase compositions, microstructures, and fracture morphologies of the composites were investigated using X-ray diffraction, a scanning electron microscope equipped with an X-ray energy-dispersive spectrometer (EDS), an electron probe microscopic analysis equipped with wavelength-dispersive spectrometer, and a transmission electron microscope equipped with EDS. The mechanical properties have been measured by a micro-hardness tester and electronic universal testing machine. The results show that the reinforcements were unevenly distributed in the matrix with the increase of their content and there were some micro-cracks located at the interface between the reinforcement and the matrix. With the increase of the Al2O3 whisker content, the compressive strength of the composites first increased and then decreased, while the hardness decreased. The fracture and strengthening mechanisms of the composite materials were explored on the basis of the structure and composition of the composites through the formation and function of the interface. The main strengthening mechanism in the composites was fine grain strengthening and solid solution strengthening. The fracture type of the composites was brittle fracture. View Full-Text
Keywords: single-crystal α-Al2O3 fibres; copper-graphite; hot isostatic pressing; microstructure; strengthening mechanism single-crystal α-Al2O3 fibres; copper-graphite; hot isostatic pressing; microstructure; strengthening mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhang, G.; Jiang, X.; Qiao, C.; Shao, Z.; Zhu, D.; Zhu, M.; Valcarcel, V. Investigation of the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Copper-Graphite Composites Reinforced with Single-Crystal α-Al2O3 Fibres by Hot Isostatic Pressing. Materials 2018, 11, 982.

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