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The Effect of Buffer Types on the In0.82Ga0.18As Epitaxial Layer Grown on an InP (100) Substrate

by Min Zhang 1,2, Zuoxing Guo 1,2, Liang Zhao 2, Shen Yang 2 and Lei Zhao 1,*
1
Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
2
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Nanling Campus, Changchun 130025, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(6), 975; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11060975
Received: 16 May 2018 / Revised: 4 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
In0.82Ga0.18As epitaxial layers were grown on InP (100) substrates at 530 °C by a low-pressure metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (LP-MOCVD) technique. The effects of different buffer structures, such as a single buffer layer, compositionally graded buffer layers, and superlattice buffer layers, on the crystalline quality and property were investigated. Double-crystal X-ray diffraction (DC-XRD) measurement, Raman scattering spectrum, and Hall measurements were used to evaluate the crystalline quality and electrical property. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), atomic force microscope (AFM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to characterize the surface morphology and microstructure, respectively. Compared with the In0.82Ga0.18As epitaxial layer directly grown on an InP substrate, the quality of the sample is not obviously improved by using a single In0.82Ga0.18As buffer layer. By introducing the graded InxGa1−xAs buffer layers, it was found that the dislocation density in the epitaxial layer significantly decreased and the surface quality improved remarkably. In addition, the number of dislocations in the epitaxial layer greatly decreased under the combined action of multi-potential wells and potential barriers by the introduction of a In0.82Ga0.18As/In0.82Al0.18As superlattice buffer. However, the surface subsequently roughened, which may be explained by surface undulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: In0.82Ga0.18As/InP; single buffer layer; graded buffer; superlattice buffer In0.82Ga0.18As/InP; single buffer layer; graded buffer; superlattice buffer
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Zhang, M.; Guo, Z.; Zhao, L.; Yang, S.; Zhao, L. The Effect of Buffer Types on the In0.82Ga0.18As Epitaxial Layer Grown on an InP (100) Substrate. Materials 2018, 11, 975.

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