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Open AccessReview

Nanocomposites Based on Biodegradable Polymers

1
Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences, Tuscia University, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
2
Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Materials Engineering Center, University of Perugia, UdR INSTM, 05100 Terni, Italy
3
Research Unit on Implant Infections, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, 40136 Bologna, Italy
4
Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
5
Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology, University of Perugia, 06100 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(5), 795; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11050795
Received: 1 April 2018 / Revised: 27 April 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published: 15 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Materials Science in Italy 2017)
In the present review paper, our main results on nanocomposites based on biodegradable polymers (on a time scale from 2010 to 2018) are reported. We mainly focused our attention on commercial biodegradable polymers, which we mixed with different nanofillers and/or additives with the final aim of developing new materials with tunable specific properties. A wide list of nanofillers have been considered according to their shape, properties, and functionalization routes, and the results have been discussed looking at their roles on the basis of different adopted processing routes (solvent-based or melt-mixing processes). Two main application fields of nanocomposite based on biodegradable polymers have been considered: the specific interaction with stem cells in the regenerative medicine applications or as antimicrobial materials and the active role of selected nanofillers in food packaging applications have been critically revised, with the main aim of providing an overview of the authors’ contribution to the state of the art in the field of biodegradable polymeric nanocomposites. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposite; biodegradable polymer; nanofiller nanocomposite; biodegradable polymer; nanofiller
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MDPI and ACS Style

Armentano, I.; Puglia, D.; Luzi, F.; Arciola, C.R.; Morena, F.; Martino, S.; Torre, L. Nanocomposites Based on Biodegradable Polymers. Materials 2018, 11, 795.

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