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Open AccessArticle

Finite Element Analysis of Interaction of Laser Beam with Material in Laser Metal Powder Bed Fusion Process

1
State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, North Park Road, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(5), 765; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11050765
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 10 May 2018
A deep understanding of the laser-material interaction mechanism, characterized by laser absorption, is very important in simulating the laser metal powder bed fusion (PBF) process. This is because the laser absorption of material affects the temperature distribution, which influences the thermal stress development and the final quality of parts. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element analysis model of heat transfer taking into account the effect of material state and phase changes on laser absorption is presented to gain insight into the absorption mechanism, and the evolution of instantaneous absorptance in the laser metal PBF process. The results showed that the instantaneous absorptance was significantly affected by the time of laser radiation, as well as process parameters, such as hatch space, scanning velocity, and laser power, which were consistent with the experiment-based findings. The applicability of this model to temperature simulation was demonstrated by a comparative study, wherein the peak temperature in fusion process was simulated in two scenarios, with and without considering the effect of material state and phase changes on laser absorption, and the simulated results in the two scenarios were then compared with experimental data respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; laser powder bed fusion; metal powder; finite element analysis; absorption; temperature distribution additive manufacturing; laser powder bed fusion; metal powder; finite element analysis; absorption; temperature distribution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, G.; Zhang, D.Z.; He, A.N.; Mao, Z.; Zhang, K. Finite Element Analysis of Interaction of Laser Beam with Material in Laser Metal Powder Bed Fusion Process. Materials 2018, 11, 765.

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