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Open AccessArticle

Macro-Scale Strength and Microstructure of ZrW2O8 Cementitious Composites with Tunable Low Thermal Expansion

School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
College of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(5), 748;
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 4 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damage Detection and Characterization of High Performance Composites)
Concretes with engineered thermal expansion coefficients, capable of avoiding failure or irreversible destruction of structures or devices, are important for civil engineering applications, such as dams, bridges, and buildings. In natural materials, thermal expansion usually cannot be easily regulated and an extremely low thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) is still uncommon. Here we propose a novel cementitious composite, doped with ZrW2O8, showing a wide range of tunable thermal expansion coefficients, from 8.65 × 10−6 °C−1 to 2.48 × 10−6 °C−1. Macro-scale experiments are implemented to quantify the evolution of the thermal expansion coefficients, compressive and flexural strength over a wide range of temperature. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) imaging was conducted to quantify the specimens’ microstructural characteristics including pores ratio and size. It is shown that the TEC of the proposed composites depends on the proportion of ZrW2O8 and the ambient curing temperature. Macro-scale experimental results and microstructures have a good agreement. The TEC and strength gradually decrease as ZrW2O8 increases from 0% to 20%, subsequently fluctuates until 60%. The findings reported here provide a new routine to design cementitious composites with tunable thermal expansion for a wide range of engineering applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZrW2O8; cementitious composites; low thermal expansion ZrW2O8; cementitious composites; low thermal expansion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ouyang, J.; Li, Y.; Chen, B.; Huang, D. Macro-Scale Strength and Microstructure of ZrW2O8 Cementitious Composites with Tunable Low Thermal Expansion. Materials 2018, 11, 748.

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