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Materials 2018, 11(4), 621; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11040621

Fabrication of FeAl Intermetallic Foams by Tartaric Acid-Assisted Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis

1
Department of Advanced Materials and Technologies, Faculty of Advanced Technology and Chemistry, Military University of Technology, Urbanowicza 2 Str., 00-908 Warszawa, Poland
2
Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Loewy Institute, Lehigh University, 5 East Packer Avenue, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
3
Materials Characterization Facility, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, 16163 Genova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 12 April 2018 / Accepted: 13 April 2018 / Published: 18 April 2018
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Abstract

Iron aluminides are intermetallics with interesting applications in porous form thanks to their mechanical and corrosion resistance properties. However, making porous forms of these materials is not easy due to their high melting points. We formed FeAl foams by elemental iron and aluminum powders sintering with tartaric acid additive. Tartaric acid worked as an in situ gas-releasing agent during the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of FeAl intermetallic alloy, which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction measurements. The porosity of the formed foams was up to 36 ± 4%. In the core of the sample, the average equivalent circle diameter was found to be 47 ± 20 µm, while on the surface, it was 35 ± 16 µm; thus, the spread of the pore size was smaller than reported previously. To investigate functional applications of the formed FeAl foam, the pressure drop of air during penetration of the foam was examined. It was found that increased porosity of the material increased the flow of the air through the metallic foam. View Full-Text
Keywords: porous intermetallics; sintering; chemical-compound-assisted sintering; tartaric acid; Fe-Al binary diagram porous intermetallics; sintering; chemical-compound-assisted sintering; tartaric acid; Fe-Al binary diagram
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Karczewski, K.; Stępniowski, W.J.; Salerno, M. Fabrication of FeAl Intermetallic Foams by Tartaric Acid-Assisted Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis. Materials 2018, 11, 621.

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