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Electromagnetic Nanoparticles for Sensing and Medical Diagnostic Applications

1
School of Computing, Electronics and Mathematics, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
2
Department of Engineering, University of Roma Tre, Via Vito Volterra 62, 00146 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(4), 603; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11040603
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 9 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications)
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Abstract

A modeling and design approach is proposed for nanoparticle-based electromagnetic devices. First, the structure properties were analytically studied using Maxwell’s equations. The method provides us a robust link between nanoparticles electromagnetic response (amplitude and phase) and their geometrical characteristics (shape, geometry, and dimensions). Secondly, new designs based on “metamaterial” concept are proposed, demonstrating great performances in terms of wide-angle range functionality and multi/wide behavior, compared to conventional devices working at the same frequencies. The approach offers potential applications to build-up new advanced platforms for sensing and medical diagnostics. Therefore, in the final part of the article, some practical examples are reported such as cancer detection, water content measurements, chemical analysis, glucose concentration measurements and blood diseases monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: metamaterials; nanoparticles; modeling; design; sensors; cancer detection; glucose measurements; medical diagnostics metamaterials; nanoparticles; modeling; design; sensors; cancer detection; glucose measurements; medical diagnostics
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La Spada, L.; Vegni, L. Electromagnetic Nanoparticles for Sensing and Medical Diagnostic Applications. Materials 2018, 11, 603.

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