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Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al2O3/Er3Al5O12 Binary Eutectic Ceramic Prepared by Bridgman Method

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(4), 534; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11040534
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 20 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
Directionally solidified Al2O3/Er3Al5O12 (EAG) eutectic ceramic was prepared via vertical Bridgman method with high-frequency induction heating. The effects of the growth rate on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the solidified ceramic were investigated. The experimental results showed that there were no pores or amorphous phases in the directionally solidified Al2O3/EAG eutectic ceramic. Al2O3 phase was embedded in the EAG matrix phase, and the two phases were intertwined with each other to form a typical binary eutectic “hieroglyphic” structure. With the increase of growth rate, the phase size and spacing of the solidified Al2O3/EAG ceramic both decreased, and the growth rate and phase spacing satisfied the λ2v ≈ 60 formula of Jackson-Hunt theory. The cross section microstructure of the solidified ceramic always exhibited an irregular eutectic growth, while the longitudinal section microstructure presented a directional growth. The mechanical properties of the solidified ceramic gradually increased with the increase of growth rate, and the maximum hardness and fracture toughness could reach 21.57 GPa and 2.98 MPa·m1/2 respectively. It was considered that the crack deflection and branching could enhance the toughness of the solidified ceramic effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: Al2O3/EAG ceramic; directional solidification; Bridgman method; growth rate; mechanical properties; toughening mechanism Al2O3/EAG ceramic; directional solidification; Bridgman method; growth rate; mechanical properties; toughening mechanism
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Song, C.; Wang, S.; Liu, J.; Zhai, S. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al2O3/Er3Al5O12 Binary Eutectic Ceramic Prepared by Bridgman Method. Materials 2018, 11, 534.

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