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Electronic, Optical, and Lattice Dynamical Properties of Tetracalcium Trialuminate (Ca4Al6O13)

Faculty of Materials and Energy, Southwest University, 2#Tiansheng Road, Beibei, Chongqing 400715, China
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Materials 2018, 11(3), 449; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11030449
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 11 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 19 March 2018
The electronic, optical, and lattice dynamical properties of tetracalcium trialuminate (Ca4Al6O13) with a special sodalite cage structure were calculated based on the density functional theory. Theoretical results show that Ca4Al6O13 is ductile and weakly anisotropic. The calculated Young’s modulus and Poisson ratio are 34.18 GPa and 0.32, respectively. Ca4Al6O13 is an indirect-gap semiconductor with a band gap of 5.41 eV. The top of the valence band derives from O 2p states, and the bottom of conduction band consists of Ca 3d states. Transitions from O 2p, 2s states to empty Ca 4s, 3d and Al 3s, 3p states constitute the major peaks of the imaginary part of the dielectric function. Ca4Al6O13 is a good UV absorber for photoelectric devices due to the high absorption coefficient and low reflectivity. The lattice vibration analysis reveals that O atoms contribute to the high-frequency portions of the phonon spectra, while Ca and Al atoms make important contributions to the middle- and low-frequency portions. At the center of the first Brillouin zone, lattice vibrations include the Raman active modes (E, A1), infrared active mode (T2), and silentmodes (T1, A2). Typical atomic displacement patterns were also investigated to understand the vibration modes more intuitively. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ca4Al6O13; electronic structure; mechanical property; optical property Ca4Al6O13; electronic structure; mechanical property; optical property
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Mei, H.; Zhong, Y.; Wang, P.; Jia, Z.; Li, C.; Cheng, N. Electronic, Optical, and Lattice Dynamical Properties of Tetracalcium Trialuminate (Ca4Al6O13). Materials 2018, 11, 449.

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