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Materials 2018, 11(2), 182; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11020182

Dielectric, Piezoelectric, and Vibration Properties of the LiF-Doped (Ba0.95Ca0.05)(Ti0.93Sn0.07)O3 Lead-Free Piezoceramic Sheets

1
Department of Electronic Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan 71005, Taiwan
2
Department of Digital Game and Animation Design, Tung-Fang Design University, Kaohsiung 82941, Taiwan
3
Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, No. 1, Nan-Tai Street, Yungkang District, Tainan 710, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 5 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 24 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energetic Materials and Processes)
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Abstract

By the conventional solid state reaction method, a small amount of lithium fluoride (LiF) was used as the sintering promoter to improve the sintering and piezoelectric characteristics of (Ba0.95Ca0.05)(Ti0.93Sn0.07)O3 (BCTS) lead-free piezoceramic sheets. Using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM), the inferences of the crystalline and surface microstructures were obtained and analyzed. Then, the impedance analyzer and d33-meter were used to measure the dielectric and piezoelectric characteristics. In this study, the optimum sintering temperature of the BCTS sheets decreased from 1450 °C to 1390 °C due to LiF doping. For the 0.07 wt % LiF-doped BCTS sheets sintered at 1390 °C, the piezoelectric constant (d33) is 413 pC/N, the electric–mechanical coupling coefficient (kp) is 47.5%, the dielectric loss (tan δ) is 3.9%, and the dielectric constant (εr) is 8100, which are all close to or even better than that of the pure undoped BCTS ceramics. The Curie temperature also improved, from 85 °C for pure BCTS to 140 °C for BCTS–0.07 LiF sheets. Furthermore, by using the vibration system and fixing 1.5 g tip mass at the end of the sheets, as the vibration frequency is 20 Hz, the proposed piezoelectric ceramic sheets also reveal a good energy harvesting performance at the maximum output peak voltage of 4.6 V, which is large enough and can be applied in modern low-power electronic products. View Full-Text
Keywords: lead-free; piezoceramic sheet; sintering temperature; vibration lead-free; piezoceramic sheet; sintering temperature; vibration
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Cheng, C.-M.; Chen, K.-H.; Lee, D.-H.; Jong, F.-C.; Chen, M.-L.; Chang, J.-K. Dielectric, Piezoelectric, and Vibration Properties of the LiF-Doped (Ba0.95Ca0.05)(Ti0.93Sn0.07)O3 Lead-Free Piezoceramic Sheets. Materials 2018, 11, 182.

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