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Materials 2018, 11(12), 2466; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11122466

Low-Stress Mechanical Property Study of Various Functional Fabrics for Tactile Property Evaluation

1
College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, 1 Shi Zi Street, Suzhou 215006, China
2
Department of Textile Materials Technology, The Swedish School of Textiles, University of Boras, 501 90 Boras, Sweden
3
Faculty of Textiles, Leather & Industrial Management, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, 53, D. Mangeron Blv., 700050 Iasi, Romania
4
Department of Clothing, Technical University of Liberec, CZ 46117 Liberec, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2018 / Revised: 27 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
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Abstract

Functional finishing brings an alteration on the mechanical and surface properties of textile materials and henceforth influences the tactile properties. In this work, Kawabata evaluation systems (KES) for fabrics were utilized to notice the changes in the tactile properties of fabrics resulting from different finishing types such as inkjet printing, screen printing, and coating. The effects of functional finishing on the fabric’s tactile property were inconsistent with reference to the course of decrease or increase being dependent on the types of finishes. The findings showed that KES can be employed as a promising tool to sort out the suitable functional finishing types in terms of tactile properties. Amongst the implemented finishing types, inkjet printing offered superior tactile properties with respect to tensile energy (softness), shear rigidity, compressional softness, bending stiffness (drapability), and surface properties. The KES results confirmed that low-stress mechanical properties are strongly associated with the tactile property and might assist as a quality profile data source for guaranteeing the production and development of a virtuous quality product. The result encourages further utilization of the KES for functional fabric tactile property evaluation. View Full-Text
Keywords: functional fabrics; low-stress mechanical properties; tactile property; KES functional fabrics; low-stress mechanical properties; tactile property; KES
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tadesse, M.G.; Nagy, L.; Nierstrasz, V.; Loghin, C.; Chen, Y.; Wang, L. Low-Stress Mechanical Property Study of Various Functional Fabrics for Tactile Property Evaluation. Materials 2018, 11, 2466.

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