A series of flame-retardant nanocomposites were established based on compounding of natural rubber (NR) and dendrimer modified flame-retardant organic montmorillonite (FR-DOMt). The merits of these nanocomposites were focused on their better mechanical and flame-retardant properties. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) together with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis revealed that exfoliation, intercalation, or aggregation status in the NRmatrix can be achieved by addition of different amounts of FR-DOMt. The sound effects of blend ratio of FR-DOMt on mechanical, thermal stability, and flame-retardant (FR) properties of NR were studied. The NR/FR-DOMt-20 composite possessed the highest tensile strength, and this resulted from complicated interactions between layered silicates and elastomers. In addition, with loading of 20 phr of FR-DOMt, the flammability parameters of NR, such as heat release rate (HRR), smoke evolution area (SEA), and carbon monoxide (CO) concentration, were obviously reduced from cone calorimeter analysis.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited