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An Advanced Characterization Method for the Elastic Modulus of Nanoscale Thin-Films Using a High-Frequency Micromechanical Resonator

Division of Mechanical, Automotive, and Robot Component Engineering, Dong-eui University, Busan 47340, Korea
Materials 2017, 10(7), 806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10070806
Received: 30 May 2017 / Revised: 11 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 15 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
Nanoscale materials have properties that frequently differ from those of their bulk form due to the scale effect, and therefore a measurement technique that can take account of such material characteristics with high accuracy and sensitivity is required. In the present study, advanced nanomechanical metrology was developed for evaluation of elastic properties of thin-film materials. A 52 nm thick chromium (Cr) film was deposited on a high-speed micromechanical resonator using an e-beam evaporator, and the structure was excited to resonate using an ultrasonic platform. The resonant frequencies for the first and second flexural vibration modes were measured using laser interferometry, and they were compared to analytical estimation from the classical beam theory. Results show that the experimental data are in excellent agreement with the theory, within 1% of the relative error, and a mass sensitivity up to 10.5 Hz/fg was achieved. Thus, the scale effect that reduced the Young’s modulus of Cr by 49.8% compared to its bulk property was correctly recognized by the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: micromechanical resonator; materials characterization; thin-film; elastic modulus micromechanical resonator; materials characterization; thin-film; elastic modulus
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Kim, Y.Y. An Advanced Characterization Method for the Elastic Modulus of Nanoscale Thin-Films Using a High-Frequency Micromechanical Resonator. Materials 2017, 10, 806.

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