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Transparent Electrodes Based on Silver Nanowire Networks: From Physical Considerations towards Device Integration

Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP 1 (Institute of Engineering Uni. Grenoble Alpes), LMGP, F-38000 Grenoble, France
Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LITEN, F-38054 Grenoble, France
Département de Physique, Université de Liège, CESAM/Q-MAT, SPIN, B-4000 Liège, Belgium
CEA-INES, LITEN, 50 Avenue du Lac Léman, F-73375 Le Bourget-du-Lac, France
ARC Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Department of Chemistry and Physics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria 3086, Australia
Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP 1, SIMAP, F-38000 Grenoble, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present Address: Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus, F-38054 Grenoble, France.
Academic Editor: Andrea Li Bassi
Materials 2017, 10(6), 570;
Received: 2 February 2017 / Revised: 13 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 24 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Transparent Conducting Materials)
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The past few years have seen a considerable amount of research devoted to nanostructured transparent conducting materials (TCM), which play a pivotal role in many modern devices such as solar cells, flexible light-emitting devices, touch screens, electromagnetic devices, and flexible transparent thin film heaters. Currently, the most commonly used TCM for such applications (ITO: Indium Tin oxide) suffers from two major drawbacks: brittleness and indium scarcity. Among emerging transparent electrodes, silver nanowire (AgNW) networks appear to be a promising substitute to ITO since such electrically percolating networks exhibit excellent properties with sheet resistance lower than 10 Ω/sq and optical transparency of 90%, fulfilling the requirements of most applications. In addition, AgNW networks also exhibit very good mechanical flexibility. The fabrication of these electrodes involves low-temperature processing steps and scalable methods, thus making them appropriate for future use as low-cost transparent electrodes in flexible electronic devices. This contribution aims to briefly present the main properties of AgNW based transparent electrodes as well as some considerations relating to their efficient integration in devices. The influence of network density, nanowire sizes, and post treatments on the properties of AgNW networks will also be evaluated. In addition to a general overview of AgNW networks, we focus on two important aspects: (i) network instabilities as well as an efficient Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) coating which clearly enhances AgNW network stability and (ii) modelling to better understand the physical properties of these networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: metallic nanowire; transparent electrode; network; silver nanowire; percolation; stability; flexible; (Spatial) ALD. metallic nanowire; transparent electrode; network; silver nanowire; percolation; stability; flexible; (Spatial) ALD.

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Bellet, D.; Lagrange, M.; Sannicolo, T.; Aghazadehchors, S.; Nguyen, V.H.; Langley, D.P.; Muñoz-Rojas, D.; Jiménez, C.; Bréchet, Y.; Nguyen, N.D. Transparent Electrodes Based on Silver Nanowire Networks: From Physical Considerations towards Device Integration. Materials 2017, 10, 570.

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