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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Cooling Rate on Morphology of TiAl3 Particles in Al–4Ti Master Alloy

1
State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2
National Engineering Research Center for Magnesium Alloys, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mark Whittaker
Materials 2017, 10(3), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10030238
Received: 26 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 February 2017 / Published: 27 February 2017
The Al–4Ti master alloy was fabricated by aluminum (Al) and sponge titanium particle in a resistance furnace at different cooling rates. This work aims to investigate the relationship between the cooling rate and morphology of TiAl3. The microstructure and composition of master alloys at different cooling rates were characterized and analyzed by optical microscopy (OM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and SEM with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results showed that various morphologies of TiAl3 particles in the Al–4Ti master alloy could be acquired at different cooling rates. Petal-like, blocky, and flake-like TiAl3 particles in the Al–4Ti master alloy were respectively acquired at the cooling rates of 3.36 K/s, 2.57 K/s, and 0.31 K/s. It was also found that the morphology of TiAl3 particles in the prepared master alloy changed from petal-like to blocky, then finally to flake-like, with the decrease of cooling rate. In addition, the morphology of the TiAl3 particles has no effect on the phase inversion temperature of Al–4Ti master alloy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Al–4Ti master alloy; cooling rate; morphology evolution; microstructure; supersaturation Al–4Ti master alloy; cooling rate; morphology evolution; microstructure; supersaturation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, J.; Wang, T.; Chen, J.; Fu, L.; He, J. Effect of Cooling Rate on Morphology of TiAl3 Particles in Al–4Ti Master Alloy. Materials 2017, 10, 238.

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