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Materials 2017, 10(12), 1438; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10121438

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Evaluation of the Interface between a Nanostructured Calcium-Incorporated Dental Implant Surface and the Human Bone

1
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, Varese 21100, Italy
2
Dental School, University of Manchester, Manchester M139PL, UK
3
Department of Dental Sciences, University Vita Salute S. Raffaele, Milan 20132, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2017 / Revised: 13 December 2017 / Accepted: 14 December 2017 / Published: 17 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Implant Materials)
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Abstract

Purpose. The aim of this scanning electron microscope (SEM) study was to investigate the interface between the bone and a novel nanostructured calcium-incorporated dental implant surface in humans. Methods. A dental implant (Anyridge®, Megagen Implant Co., Gyeongbuk, South Korea) with a nanostructured calcium-incorporated surface (Xpeed®, Megagen Implant Co., Gyeongbuk, South Korea), which had been placed a month earlier in a fully healed site of the posterior maxilla (#14) of a 48-year-old female patient, and which had been subjected to immediate functional loading, was removed after a traumatic injury. Despite the violent trauma that caused mobilization of the fixture, its surface appeared to be covered by a firmly attached, intact tissue; therefore, it was subjected to SEM examination. The implant surface of an unused nanostructured calcium-incorporated implant was also observed under SEM, as control. Results. The surface of the unused implant showed a highly-structured texture, carved by irregular, multi-scale hollows reminiscent of a fractal structure. It appeared perfectly clean and devoid of any contamination. The human specimen showed trabecular bone firmly anchored to the implant surface, bridging the screw threads and filling the spaces among them. Conclusions. Within the limits of this human histological report, the sample analyzed showed that the nanostructured calcium-incorporated surface was covered by new bone, one month after placement in the posterior maxilla, under an immediate functional loading protocol. View Full-Text
Keywords: scanning electron microscopy; nanostructured calcium-incorporated implant surface; human bone; osseointegration scanning electron microscopy; nanostructured calcium-incorporated implant surface; human bone; osseointegration
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Mangano, F.; Raspanti, M.; Maghaireh, H.; Mangano, C. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Evaluation of the Interface between a Nanostructured Calcium-Incorporated Dental Implant Surface and the Human Bone. Materials 2017, 10, 1438.

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