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Open AccessArticle

Financing Innovations for the Renewable Energy Transition in Europe

Institute of Energy Systems and Electric Drives, Energy Economics Group, Vienna University of Technology, Gusshausstrasse 25-29/370-3, 1040 Vienna, Austria
e-think Energy Research, Argentinierstrasse 18/10, 1040 Vienna, Austria
Institute for Renewable Energy, European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC Research), Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José C. Riquelme
Energies 2016, 9(12), 990;
Received: 21 September 2016 / Revised: 8 November 2016 / Accepted: 16 November 2016 / Published: 25 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Time Series Forecasting)
Renewable energy sources are vital to achieving Europe’s 2030 energy transition goals. Technological innovation, driven by public expenditures on research and development, is a major driver for this change. Thus, an extensive dataset on these expenditures of the European Member States and the European Commission, dating back to the early 1970s, was created. This paper creates predictive scenarios of public investment in renewable energy research and development in Europe based on this historical dataset and current trends. Funding from both, European Member States and the European Commission, between today and 2030 are used in the analysis. The impact on the cumulative knowledge stock is also estimated. Two projection scenarios are presented: (1) business as usual; and (2) an advanced scenario, based on the assumption that the Mission Innovation initiative causes public expenditures to increase in the coming years. Both scenarios are compared to the European 2030 climate and energy framework target sets. Results indicate that Member States in Europe currently tend to fund renewables more than the European Commission, but funding from both sources is expected to increase in the future. Furthermore, the European Commission distributes its funding more equally across the various renewable energy sources than Member States. View Full-Text
Keywords: research and development expenditures; renewable energy; Europe; 2030 research and development expenditures; renewable energy; Europe; 2030
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Bointner, R.; Pezzutto, S.; Grilli, G.; Sparber, W. Financing Innovations for the Renewable Energy Transition in Europe. Energies 2016, 9, 990.

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