Next Article in Journal
Spatial and Temporal Traffic Variation in Core Networks: Impact on Energy Saving and Devices Lifetime
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Tidal Level Variations on Wave Energy Absorption at Wave Hub
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2016, 9(10), 840;

Review on Synthesis, Thermo-Physical Property, and Heat Transfer Mechanism of Nanofluids

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dong-A University, Hadan 840, Saha-gu, Busan 604-714, Korea
Research and Development Division, Nano Thermal Fusion Technology Company (NTF TECH), Hadan 840, Saha-gu, Busan 604-714, Korea
Department of Electronic Engineering, Sogang University, 35 Baekbeom-ro, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04107, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Moran Wang
Received: 30 July 2016 / Revised: 10 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 October 2016 / Published: 19 October 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [3693 KB, uploaded 20 October 2016]   |  


Nanofluids are suspended nano-sized particles in a base fluid. With increasing demand for more high efficiency thermal systems, nanofluids seem to be a promising option for researchers. As a result, numerous investigations have been undertaken to understand the behaviors of nanofluids. Since their discovery, the thermo-physical properties of nanofluids have been under intense research. Inadequate understanding of the mechanisms involved in the heat transfer of nanofluids has been the major obstacle for the development of sophisticated nanofluids with the desired properties. In this comprehensive review paper, investigations on synthesis, thermo-physical properties, and heat transfer mechanisms of nanofluids have been reviewed and presented. Results show that the thermal conductivity of nanofluids increases with the increase of the operating temperature. This can potentially be used for the efficiency enhancement of thermal systems under higher operating temperatures. In addition, this paper also provides details concerning dependency of the thermo-physical properties as well as synthesis and the heat transfer mechanism of the nanofluids. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofluid; heat transfer; heat transfer coefficient; thermal conductivity; synthesis nanofluid; heat transfer; heat transfer coefficient; thermal conductivity; synthesis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Patil, M.S.; Seo, J.-H.; Kang, S.-J.; Lee, M.-Y. Review on Synthesis, Thermo-Physical Property, and Heat Transfer Mechanism of Nanofluids. Energies 2016, 9, 840.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top