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Energies 2015, 8(2), 976-994;

A Study to Improve the Quality of Street Lighting in Spain

Department of Computer Sciences, Polytechnic School, University of Alcala, Madrid-Barcelona Road, Km 33.6, Alcala de Henares 28871, Spain
Faculty of Organization and Informatics, University of Zagreb, Pavlinska 2, Varazdin 42000, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Dovì
Received: 24 October 2014 / Revised: 11 December 2014 / Accepted: 21 January 2015 / Published: 29 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Climate Change)
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Street lighting has a big impact on the energy consumption of Spanish municipalities. To decrease this consumption, the Spanish government has developed two different regulations to improve energy savings and efficiency, and consequently, reduce greenhouse-effect gas emissions. However, after these efforts, they have not obtained the expected results. To improve the effectiveness of these regulations and therefore to optimize energy consumption, a study has been done to analyze the different devices which influence energy consumption with the intention of better understanding their behavior and performance. The devices analyzed were lamps, ballasts, street lamp globes, control systems and dimmable lighting systems. To improve their performance, they have been analyzed from three points of view: changes in technology, use patterns and standards. Thanks to this study, some aspects have been found that could be taken into account if we really wanted to use energy efficiently. View Full-Text
Keywords: lamps; ballasts; dimmable lighting systems; twilight switch; energy efficiency lamps; ballasts; dimmable lighting systems; twilight switch; energy efficiency

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gutierrez-Escolar, A.; Castillo-Martinez, A.; Gomez-Pulido, J.M.; Gutierrez-Martinez, J.-M.; Stapic, Z.; Medina-Merodio, J.-A. A Study to Improve the Quality of Street Lighting in Spain. Energies 2015, 8, 976-994.

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