Next Article in Journal
Electricity Consumption and GHG Emissions in GCC Countries
Next Article in Special Issue
Decentralized Energy from Waste Systems
Previous Article in Journal
High Performance Cascading Adsorption Refrigeration Cycle with Internal Heat Recovery Driven by a Low Grade Heat Source Temperature
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of an Inclined Plate Extractor-Separator for Immiscible Liquids
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2009, 2(4), 1192-1200;

The Technology of Waste, Biofuels and Global Warming in Viable Closed Loop, Sustainable Operations

Land Network International Ltd, Devizes, SN10 2ES, UK
Received: 18 November 2009 / Accepted: 30 November 2009 / Published: 3 December 2009
Full-Text   |   PDF [174 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  


This research set out to explore and develop a route relating the recycling of urban and industrial wastes to land to produce agricultural crops with energy crops in the rotation, using the green leaf to “harvest” sunlight and to examine the sequestration of carbon dioxide and release of oxygen in a sustainable closed loop. Further, to establish if the pollution, particularly of nitrogen and phosphates (often associated with cultivations and use of mineral fertilisers) could be reduced or eliminated, so as to be able to develop systems which could contribute to the reversal of global warming. Finally, to probe whether practical operators on the ground could understand the technology, use it, and express what they were doing in a way acceptable to a wider society. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastes; biofuels; global warming wastes; biofuels; global warming

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Butterworth, W.R. The Technology of Waste, Biofuels and Global Warming in Viable Closed Loop, Sustainable Operations. Energies 2009, 2, 1192-1200.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top