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Article

Pyrolysis Characteristics of Undervalued Wood Varieties in the Portuguese Charcoal Sector

1
Department of Environment and Planning, CESAM—Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
Department of Materials and Ceramic Engineering, CICECO—Aveiro Institute of Materials, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Biagio Morrone
Energies 2021, 14(9), 2537; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092537
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 23 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Residual Biomass Conversion to Bioenergy)
Charcoal production in Portugal is mostly based on the valorization of woody residues from cork oak and holm oak, the latter being considered a reference feedstock in the market. Nevertheless, since wildfire prevention became a priority in Portugal, after the recent dramatic wildfires, urgent actions are being conducted to reduce the fuel load in the forests, which is increasing the amount of biomass that is available for valorization. Additionally, biomass residues from agriculture, forest management, control of invasive species, partially burnt wood from post-fire recovery actions, and waste wood from storm devastated forests need also to be considered within the national biomass valorization policies. This has motivated the present work on whether the carbonization process can be used to valorize alternative woody biomasses not currently used on a large scale. For this purpose, slow pyrolysis experiments were carried out with ten types of wood, using a fixed bed reactor allowing the controlled heating of large fuel particles at 0.1 to 5 °C/min and final temperatures within 300–450 °C. Apart from an evaluation of the mass balance of the process, emphasis was given to the properties of the resulting charcoals considering its major market in Portugal—barbecue charcoal for both recreational and professional purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: charcoal; biomass; woody residues; pyrolysis; carbonization charcoal; biomass; woody residues; pyrolysis; carbonization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Charvet, F.; Silva, F.; Ruivo, L.; Tarelho, L.; Matos, A.; Figueiredo da Silva, J.; Neves, D. Pyrolysis Characteristics of Undervalued Wood Varieties in the Portuguese Charcoal Sector. Energies 2021, 14, 2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092537

AMA Style

Charvet F, Silva F, Ruivo L, Tarelho L, Matos A, Figueiredo da Silva J, Neves D. Pyrolysis Characteristics of Undervalued Wood Varieties in the Portuguese Charcoal Sector. Energies. 2021; 14(9):2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092537

Chicago/Turabian Style

Charvet, Felix, Felipe Silva, Luís Ruivo, Luís Tarelho, Arlindo Matos, José Figueiredo da Silva, and Daniel Neves. 2021. "Pyrolysis Characteristics of Undervalued Wood Varieties in the Portuguese Charcoal Sector" Energies 14, no. 9: 2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092537

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