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Article

Viability and Sustainability Assessment of Bioenergy Value Chains on Underutilised Lands in the EU and Ukraine

1
WIP Renewable Energies, 81369 Munich, Germany
2
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 00153 Rome, Italy
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Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, 8010 Graz, Austria
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Institute for Regional Development, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
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CREA Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy, 00198 Rome, Italy
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Scientific Engineering Centre Biomass Ltd., 03127 Kyiv, Ukraine
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Research Institute for Post-Mining Landscapes, 03238 Finsterwalde, Germany
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Geonardo Environmental Technologies Ltd., 1031 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Academic Editor: Calliope Panoutsou
Energies 2021, 14(6), 1566; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061566
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 9 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
Bioenergy represents the highest share of renewable energies consumed in the European Union and is still expected to grow. This could be possible by exploring bioenergy production on Marginal, Underutilised, and Contaminated lands (MUC) that are not used for agricultural purposes and therefore, present no competition with food/feed production. In this paper, the viability and sustainability of bioenergy value chains on these lands is investigated and measures for market uptake were developed. Using three case study areas in Italy, Ukraine, and Germany, a screening of MUC lands was conducted, then an agronomic assessment was performed to determine the most promising crops. Then, techno-economic assessments followed by sustainability assessments were performed on selected value chains. This concept was then automated and expanded through the development of a webGIS tool. The tool is an online platform that allows users to locate MUC lands in Europe, to define a value chain through the selection of bioenergy crops and pathways, and to conduct sustainability assessments measuring a set of environmental, social, and economic sustainability indicators. The findings showed positive results in terms of profitability and greenhouse gas emissions for bioethanol production from willow in Ukraine, heat and power production from miscanthus, and biogas and chemicals production from grass in Germany. The webGIS tool is considered an important decision-making tool for stakeholders, which gives first insights on the viability and sustainability of bioenergy value chains. View Full-Text
Keywords: marginal; underutilised and contaminated lands; mapping; bioenergy; bioenergy value chains; sustainability assessment; techno-economic assessment; market barriers marginal; underutilised and contaminated lands; mapping; bioenergy; bioenergy value chains; sustainability assessment; techno-economic assessment; market barriers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khawaja, C.; Janssen, R.; Mergner, R.; Rutz, D.; Colangeli, M.; Traverso, L.; Morese, M.M.; Hirschmugl, M.; Sobe, C.; Calera, A.; Cifuentes, D.; Fabiani, S.; Pulighe, G.; Pirelli, T.; Bonati, G.; Tryboi, O.; Haidai, O.; Köhler, R.; Knoche, D.; Schlepphorst, R.; Gyuris, P. Viability and Sustainability Assessment of Bioenergy Value Chains on Underutilised Lands in the EU and Ukraine. Energies 2021, 14, 1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061566

AMA Style

Khawaja C, Janssen R, Mergner R, Rutz D, Colangeli M, Traverso L, Morese MM, Hirschmugl M, Sobe C, Calera A, Cifuentes D, Fabiani S, Pulighe G, Pirelli T, Bonati G, Tryboi O, Haidai O, Köhler R, Knoche D, Schlepphorst R, Gyuris P. Viability and Sustainability Assessment of Bioenergy Value Chains on Underutilised Lands in the EU and Ukraine. Energies. 2021; 14(6):1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061566

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khawaja, Cosette; Janssen, Rainer; Mergner, Rita; Rutz, Dominik; Colangeli, Marco; Traverso, Lorenzo; Morese, Maria M.; Hirschmugl, Manuela; Sobe, Carina; Calera, Alfonso; Cifuentes, David; Fabiani, Stefano; Pulighe, Giuseppe; Pirelli, Tiziana; Bonati, Guido; Tryboi, Oleksandra; Haidai, Olha; Köhler, Raul; Knoche, Dirk; Schlepphorst, Rainer; Gyuris, Peter. 2021. "Viability and Sustainability Assessment of Bioenergy Value Chains on Underutilised Lands in the EU and Ukraine" Energies 14, no. 6: 1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061566

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