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Article

Prosumers’ Behavior under a Regulation That Encourages Strict Self-Sufficiency. The Case of Spanish Photovoltaic Micro-Generation

1
Energy Sustainability Research Group, University of Barcelona/UdL, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
2
Institute for Public Policies and Goods, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), 28037 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonino Laudani and José Matas
Energies 2021, 14(4), 1114; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041114
Received: 12 January 2021 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
The reduction of equipment costs encourages the diffusion of photovoltaic micro-generation, however, proper regulatory measures should be implemented to facilitate self-production dissemination and to promote the emergence of new electricity markets which integrate prosumers. The specific form of these markets will depend on the level of prosumers’ self-sufficiency and the type of grid to which they will be connected. Unfortunately, Spain has been an example of resistance to micro-generation deployment. However, some things have started to change recently, albeit only to a certain extent. This article explains the key elements of the latest regulation of photovoltaic micro-generation in Spain and, through a stylized model, describes the economic behavior of prosumers in such a regulatory framework. It is concluded that this regulation only encourages prosumer plants which are strictly focused on self-sufficiency because it discourages exports and limits capacities and this regulation discourages the smart renewal of the distribution grid because it prevents prosumers from participating in the electricity market. It is recommended that the aforementioned regulatory limits be removed and pilot experiences for the market participation of prosumers be promoted by creating the appropriate technical and regulatory conditions, for example, at the municipal level. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-consumption; micro-generation; prosumers market participation; regulatory framework; micro-grids self-consumption; micro-generation; prosumers market participation; regulatory framework; micro-grids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mir-Artigues, P.; del Río, P. Prosumers’ Behavior under a Regulation That Encourages Strict Self-Sufficiency. The Case of Spanish Photovoltaic Micro-Generation. Energies 2021, 14, 1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041114

AMA Style

Mir-Artigues P, del Río P. Prosumers’ Behavior under a Regulation That Encourages Strict Self-Sufficiency. The Case of Spanish Photovoltaic Micro-Generation. Energies. 2021; 14(4):1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mir-Artigues, Pere, and Pablo del Río. 2021. "Prosumers’ Behavior under a Regulation That Encourages Strict Self-Sufficiency. The Case of Spanish Photovoltaic Micro-Generation" Energies 14, no. 4: 1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041114

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