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Article

Modeling Water Droplet Freezing and Collision with a Solid Surface

1
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 121205 Moscow, Russia
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine BB11000, Trinidad and Tobago
3
Department of Mechanical and Marine Engineering, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 7030 Bergen, Norway
4
SINTEF, 4760 Trondheim, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(4), 1020; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041020
Received: 16 January 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 February 2021 / Published: 16 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Thermal Management)
Water droplets released from the sea surface represent one of the major causes of ice accretion on marine vessels. A one-dimensional model of the freezing of a spherical water droplet moving in cold air was developed. The crystallization model allows one to obtain an analytical solution if a uniform temperature distribution over the liquid’s core is assumed. The model was validated using STAR CCM+ Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. A collision of a partially frozen droplet with a solid wall assuming the plastic deformation of an ice crust was also considered. The ratio of the crust deformation to the crust thickness was evaluated. It was assumed that if this ratio were to exceed unity, the droplet would stick to the wall’s surface due to ice bridge formation caused by the water released from the droplet’s core. View Full-Text
Keywords: breakage; collision; droplet–wall sticking probability; crystallization; ice crust; modeling; ice-accretion breakage; collision; droplet–wall sticking probability; crystallization; ice crust; modeling; ice-accretion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shayunusov, D.; Eskin, D.; Balakin, B.V.; Chugunov, S.; Johansen, S.T.; Akhatov, I. Modeling Water Droplet Freezing and Collision with a Solid Surface. Energies 2021, 14, 1020. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041020

AMA Style

Shayunusov D, Eskin D, Balakin BV, Chugunov S, Johansen ST, Akhatov I. Modeling Water Droplet Freezing and Collision with a Solid Surface. Energies. 2021; 14(4):1020. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shayunusov, Doston, Dmitry Eskin, Boris V. Balakin, Svyatoslav Chugunov, Stein T. Johansen, and Iskander Akhatov. 2021. "Modeling Water Droplet Freezing and Collision with a Solid Surface" Energies 14, no. 4: 1020. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041020

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