Next Article in Journal
Comparing LSTM and GRU Models to Predict the Condition of a Pulp Paper Press
Previous Article in Journal
Valuation of Distributed Wind in an Isolated System
Article

How CO2-to-Diesel Technology Could Help Reach Net-Zero Emissions Targets: A Canadian Case Study

1
National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0R6, Canada
2
Robert F. Smith School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mojtaba Mirzaeian
Energies 2021, 14(21), 6957; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216957
Received: 20 September 2021 / Revised: 12 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 22 October 2021
Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) is an attractive technology for the decarbonization of global energy systems. However, its early development stage makes impact assessment difficult. Moreover, rising popularity in carbon pricing necessitates the development of a methodology for deriving carbon abatement costs that are harmonized with the price of carbon. We develop, using a combined bottom-up analysis and top-down learning curve approach, a levelized cost of carbon abatement (LCCA) model for assessing the true cost of emissions mitigation in CCUS technology under carbon pricing mechanisms. We demonstrate our methodology by adapting three policy scenarios in Canada to explore how the implementation of CO2-to-diesel technologies could economically decarbonize Canada’s transportation sector. With continued policy development, Canada can avoid 932 MtCO2eq by 2075 at an LCCA of CA$209/tCO2eq. Technological learning, low emission hydroelectricity generation, and cost-effective electricity prices make Quebec and Manitoba uniquely positioned to support CO2-to-diesel technology. The additional policy supports beyond 2030, including an escalating carbon price, CO2-derived fuel blending requirements, or investment in low-cost renewable electricity, which can accelerate market diffusion of CO2-to-diesel technology in Canada. This methodology is applicable to different jurisdictions and disruptive technologies, providing ample foci for future work to leverage this combined technology learning + LCCA approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon capture; utilization and storage; technology learning curves; levelized cost of carbon abatement; CO2-to-diesel; emissions mitigation carbon capture; utilization and storage; technology learning curves; levelized cost of carbon abatement; CO2-to-diesel; emissions mitigation
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Ruttinger, A.W.; Kannangara, M.; Shadbahr, J.; De Luna, P.; Bensebaa, F. How CO2-to-Diesel Technology Could Help Reach Net-Zero Emissions Targets: A Canadian Case Study. Energies 2021, 14, 6957. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216957

AMA Style

Ruttinger AW, Kannangara M, Shadbahr J, De Luna P, Bensebaa F. How CO2-to-Diesel Technology Could Help Reach Net-Zero Emissions Targets: A Canadian Case Study. Energies. 2021; 14(21):6957. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216957

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruttinger, Andrew W., Miyuru Kannangara, Jalil Shadbahr, Phil De Luna, and Farid Bensebaa. 2021. "How CO2-to-Diesel Technology Could Help Reach Net-Zero Emissions Targets: A Canadian Case Study" Energies 14, no. 21: 6957. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216957

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop