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Standard Test Methods for Rating of Solar Reflectance of Built-Up Surfaces and Potential Use of Satellite Remote Sensors

Department of Engineering Enzo Ferrari, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vivarelli 10, 41125 Modena, Italy
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Academic Editor: Jesús Polo
Energies 2021, 14(20), 6626; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206626
Received: 4 September 2021 / Revised: 8 October 2021 / Accepted: 9 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Energy and Buildings)
More and more attention is being paid to the solar reflectance of built-up surfaces due to its influence on the summer heating of buildings and urban areas and the consequent effects on energy needs for air conditioning, as well as on the peak load of the electric grid. Several standard test methods are available for measuring solar reflectance in the laboratory or in the field, based on different devices and approaches. A convergence of some methods has been achieved by rating programs in the U.S. and, more recently, in Europe and other areas. However, laboratory or field measurements are impractical for characterizing a large number of urban surfaces—whether it is for identifying critical issues, developing policies, or verifying compliance with building requirements. In this regard, satellite remote sensors have recently become available, through which it is possible to estimate the reflectance of roof and pavement surfaces thanks to a spatial resolution that is suitable for identifying and characterizing individual built-up surfaces. In the present paper, the most-used standard test methods for rating of solar reflectance are reviewed. Subsequently, some publicly accessible satellite sensors are examined, through which comparable measurements could be obtained. View Full-Text
Keywords: albedo; building cooling; certification; cool pavement; cool roof; performance rating; remote sensing; solar reflectance; standard test method; urban heat island albedo; building cooling; certification; cool pavement; cool roof; performance rating; remote sensing; solar reflectance; standard test method; urban heat island
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MDPI and ACS Style

Costanzini, S.; Ferrari, C.; Despini, F.; Muscio, A. Standard Test Methods for Rating of Solar Reflectance of Built-Up Surfaces and Potential Use of Satellite Remote Sensors. Energies 2021, 14, 6626. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206626

AMA Style

Costanzini S, Ferrari C, Despini F, Muscio A. Standard Test Methods for Rating of Solar Reflectance of Built-Up Surfaces and Potential Use of Satellite Remote Sensors. Energies. 2021; 14(20):6626. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Costanzini, Sofia, Chiara Ferrari, Francesca Despini, and Alberto Muscio. 2021. "Standard Test Methods for Rating of Solar Reflectance of Built-Up Surfaces and Potential Use of Satellite Remote Sensors" Energies 14, no. 20: 6626. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206626

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