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Article

Modeling Energy Communities with Collective Photovoltaic Self-Consumption: Synergies between a Small City and a Winery in Portugal

Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (CE3C), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first author, these authors contributed equally to this work.
Energies 2021, 14(2), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020323
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 31 December 2020 / Accepted: 2 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
The recently approved regulation on Energy Communities in Europe is paving the way for new collective forms of energy consumption and production, mainly based on photovoltaics. However, energy modeling approaches that can adequately evaluate the impact of these new regulations on energy community configurations are still lacking, particularly with regards to the grid tariffs imposed on collective systems. Thus, the present work models three different energy community configurations sustained on collective photovoltaics self-consumption for a small city in southern Portugal. This energy community, which integrates the city consumers and a local winery, was modeled using the Python-based Calliope framework. Using real electricity demand data from power transformers and an actual winery, the techno-economic feasibility of each configuration was assessed. Results show that all collective arrangements can promote a higher penetration of photovoltaic capacity (up to 23%) and a modest reduction in the overall cost of electricity (up to 8%). However, there are clear trade-offs between the different pathways: more centralized configurations have 53% lower installation costs but are more sensitive to grid use costs (which can represent up to 74% of the total system costs). Moreover, key actor’s individual self-consumption rate may decrease by 10% in order to benefit the energy community as a whole. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy communities; collective photovoltaic systems; energy systems modeling and optimization energy communities; collective photovoltaic systems; energy systems modeling and optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pontes Luz, G.; Amaro e Silva, R. Modeling Energy Communities with Collective Photovoltaic Self-Consumption: Synergies between a Small City and a Winery in Portugal. Energies 2021, 14, 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020323

AMA Style

Pontes Luz G, Amaro e Silva R. Modeling Energy Communities with Collective Photovoltaic Self-Consumption: Synergies between a Small City and a Winery in Portugal. Energies. 2021; 14(2):323. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020323

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pontes Luz, Guilherme, and Rodrigo Amaro e Silva. 2021. "Modeling Energy Communities with Collective Photovoltaic Self-Consumption: Synergies between a Small City and a Winery in Portugal" Energies 14, no. 2: 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020323

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