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Article

Automatic Generation Control of Multi-Source Interconnected Power System Using FOI-TD Controller

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Department of Electrical Engineering, FET, International Islamic University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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College of Computer & Information Sciences, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
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Faculty of Computers and Artificial Intelligence, Benha University, Benha 13518, Egypt
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Department of Electrical Engineering, UMT Lahore, Sialkot Campus, Sialkot 51310, Pakistan
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, and Informatics, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol 3036, Cyprus
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ahmed Abu-Siada
Energies 2021, 14(18), 5867; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14185867
Received: 17 August 2021 / Revised: 4 September 2021 / Accepted: 6 September 2021 / Published: 16 September 2021
Automatic Generation Control (AGC) delivers a high quality electrical energy to energy consumers using efficient and intelligent control systems ensuring nominal operating frequency and organized tie-line power deviation. Subsequently, for the AGC analysis of a two-area interconnected hydro-gas-thermal-wind generating unit, a novel Fractional Order Integral-Tilt Derivative (FOI-TD) controller is proposed that is fine-tuned by a powerful meta-heuristic optimization technique referred as Improved-Fitness Dependent Optimizer (I-FDO) algorithm. For more realistic analysis, various constraints, such as Boiler Dynamics (BD), Time Delay (TD), Generation Rate Constraint (GRC), and Governor Dead Zone (GDZ) having non-linear features are incorporated in the specified system model. Moreover, a comparative analysis of I-FDO algorithm is performed with state-of-the-art approaches, such as FDO, teaching learning based optimization, and particle swarm optimization algorithms. Further, the proposed I-FDO tuned controller is compared with Fractional Order Tilt Integral Derivative (FOTID), PID, and Integral-Tilt Derivative (I-TD) controllers. The performance analysis demonstrates that proposed FOI-TD controller provides better performance and show strong robustness by changing system parameters and load condition in the range of  ± 50%, compared to other controllers. View Full-Text
Keywords: automatic generation control; fractional order controller; load frequency control; interconnected power system; optimization techniques automatic generation control; fractional order controller; load frequency control; interconnected power system; optimization techniques
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MDPI and ACS Style

Daraz, A.; Malik, S.A.; Waseem, A.; Azar, A.T.; Haq, I.U.; Ullah, Z.; Aslam, S. Automatic Generation Control of Multi-Source Interconnected Power System Using FOI-TD Controller. Energies 2021, 14, 5867. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14185867

AMA Style

Daraz A, Malik SA, Waseem A, Azar AT, Haq IU, Ullah Z, Aslam S. Automatic Generation Control of Multi-Source Interconnected Power System Using FOI-TD Controller. Energies. 2021; 14(18):5867. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14185867

Chicago/Turabian Style

Daraz, Amil, Suheel Abdullah Malik, Athar Waseem, Ahmad Taher Azar, Ihsan Ul Haq, Zahid Ullah, and Sheraz Aslam. 2021. "Automatic Generation Control of Multi-Source Interconnected Power System Using FOI-TD Controller" Energies 14, no. 18: 5867. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14185867

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