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Aerodynamic Effect of the Gurney Flap on the Front Wing of a F1 Car and Flow Interactions with Car Components
Article

The Influence of Front Wing Pressure Distribution on Wheel Wake Aerodynamics of a F1 Car

Aerospace Sciences Department, University of Beira Interior, Calçada Fonte do Lameiro, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Academic Editor: Francesco Castellani
Energies 2021, 14(15), 4421; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154421
Received: 6 June 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aerodynamics Modeling)
The present study focuses on investigating the aerodynamic interaction between a three-element wing and wheel in ground effect, following the Formula One regulation change set for 2022, among which is the simplification of the front wing. This was accomplished by conducting a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics analysis, using a Detached-Eddy Simulation approach, on a simplified one-quarter model of a Formula One racing car. The main goal was to examine how changing the front wing pressure distribution, by changing the incidence of the second flap, affected the wheel wake. The flow investigation indicated that the wheel wake is influenced by the flap configuration, which is mainly due to the fact that different flap configurations produce different upwash flow fields, leading to a variation of the separation point on top of the tire. As the separation point moves rearwards, the downwash generated in the central region (for a vertical plane) of the wheel wake increases incrementally, leading to a resultant wake that is shorter and further apart. The force investigation showed that the proximity between the region of instability (i.e., vortex breakdown) and the wing’s trailing edge influences the behavior of the transient oscillations, regarding the forces acting on the wing: detecting higher drag force fluctuations, when compared to downforce fluctuations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Formula One; racing car; front wing; wheel; transient; CFD Formula One; racing car; front wing; wheel; transient; CFD
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martins, D.; Correia, J.; Silva, A. The Influence of Front Wing Pressure Distribution on Wheel Wake Aerodynamics of a F1 Car. Energies 2021, 14, 4421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154421

AMA Style

Martins D, Correia J, Silva A. The Influence of Front Wing Pressure Distribution on Wheel Wake Aerodynamics of a F1 Car. Energies. 2021; 14(15):4421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martins, Daniel, João Correia, and André Silva. 2021. "The Influence of Front Wing Pressure Distribution on Wheel Wake Aerodynamics of a F1 Car" Energies 14, no. 15: 4421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154421

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