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Article

Verification of MPACT for the APR1400 Benchmark

1
Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Arturo Buscarino and Ricardo J. Bessa
Energies 2021, 14(13), 3831; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133831
Received: 6 May 2021 / Revised: 17 June 2021 / Accepted: 19 June 2021 / Published: 25 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Techniques of Nuclear Reactor Physics)
This paper describes benchmark calculations for the APR1400 nuclear reactor performed using the high-fidelity deterministic whole-core simulator MPACT compared to reference solutions generated by the Monte Carlo code McCARD. The methodology presented in this paper is a common approach in the field of nuclear reactor analysis, when measured data are not available for comparison, and may be more broadly applied in other simulation applications of energy systems. The benchmark consists of several problems that span the complexity of single pins to a hot full power cycle depletion. Overall, MPACT shows excellent agreement compared to the reference solutions. MPACT effectively predicts the reactivity for different geometries and several temperature and boron conditions. The largest deviation from McCARD occurs for cold zero conditions in which the fuel, moderator, and cladding are all 300 K. Possible reasons for this are discussed. Excluding these cases, the ρ reactivity difference from McCARD is consistently below 100 pcm. For single fuel pin problems, the highest error of 151 pcm occurs for the lowest fuel enrichment of 1.71 wt.% UO2, indicating possible, albeit small, enrichment bias in MPACT’s cross-section library. Furthermore, MOC and spatial mesh parametric studies indicate that default meshing parameters and options yield results comparable to finely meshed cases. Additionally, there is very good agreement of the radial and axial power distributions. RMS radial pin and assembly power differences for all cases are at or below 0.75%, and all RMS axial power differences are below 1.65%. These results are comparable to previous results from the VERA progression problems benchmark and meet generally accepted accuracy criteria for whole-core transport codes. View Full-Text
Keywords: MPACT; VERA-CS; APR1400; benchmark MPACT; VERA-CS; APR1400; benchmark
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barr, K.E.; Choi, S.; Kang, J.; Kochunas, B. Verification of MPACT for the APR1400 Benchmark. Energies 2021, 14, 3831. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133831

AMA Style

Barr KE, Choi S, Kang J, Kochunas B. Verification of MPACT for the APR1400 Benchmark. Energies. 2021; 14(13):3831. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133831

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barr, Kaitlyn E., Sooyoung Choi, Junsu Kang, and Brendan Kochunas. 2021. "Verification of MPACT for the APR1400 Benchmark" Energies 14, no. 13: 3831. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133831

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