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Article

Flow Characteristics of Preliminary Shutdown and Startup Sequences for a Model Counter-Rotating Pump-Turbine

Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
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Academic Editor: Andrea De Pascale
Energies 2021, 14(12), 3593; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123593
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 7 June 2021 / Accepted: 14 June 2021 / Published: 16 June 2021
Pumped Hydropower Storage (PHS) is the maturest and most economically viable technology for storing energy and regulating the electrical grid on a large scale. Due to the growing amount of intermittent renewable energy sources, the necessity of maintaining grid stability increases. Most PHS facilities today require a geographical topology with large differences in elevation. The ALPHEUS H2020 EU project has the aim to develop PHS for flat geographical topologies. The present study was concerned with the initial design of a low-head model counter-rotating pump-turbine. The machine was numerically analysed during the shutdown and startup sequences using computational fluid dynamics. The rotational speed of the individual runners was decreased from the design point to stand-still and increased back to the design point, in both pump and turbine modes. As the rotational speeds were close to zero, the flow field was chaotic, and a large flow separation occurred by the blades of the runners. Rapid load variations on the runner blades and reverse flow were encountered in pump mode as the machine lost the ability to produce head. The loads were less severe in the turbine mode sequence. Frequency analyses revealed that the blade passing frequencies and their linear combinations yielded the strongest pulsations in the system. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydropower; pumped hydro storage; low-head; counter-rotating; pump-turbine; transient sequences; shutdown; startup; OpenFOAM hydropower; pumped hydro storage; low-head; counter-rotating; pump-turbine; transient sequences; shutdown; startup; OpenFOAM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fahlbeck, J.; Nilsson, H.; Salehi, S. Flow Characteristics of Preliminary Shutdown and Startup Sequences for a Model Counter-Rotating Pump-Turbine. Energies 2021, 14, 3593. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123593

AMA Style

Fahlbeck J, Nilsson H, Salehi S. Flow Characteristics of Preliminary Shutdown and Startup Sequences for a Model Counter-Rotating Pump-Turbine. Energies. 2021; 14(12):3593. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123593

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fahlbeck, Jonathan, Håkan Nilsson, and Saeed Salehi. 2021. "Flow Characteristics of Preliminary Shutdown and Startup Sequences for a Model Counter-Rotating Pump-Turbine" Energies 14, no. 12: 3593. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123593

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