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Article

Optimization of Static and Dynamic Charging Infrastructure for Electric Buses

Department of Transport Technology and Economics, Faculty of Transportation Engineering and Vehicle Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Academic Editor: Javier Contreras
Energies 2021, 14(12), 3516; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123516
Received: 20 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 10 June 2021 / Published: 13 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section E: Electric Vehicles)
The adoption of electric buses in public transport requires careful planning for the bus fleet and charging infrastructure. A mathematical model of an urban bus service was developed to support the deployment of charging infrastructure. The novelty of the model is that it incorporates infrastructure elements for both static and dynamic charging technologies at the same time. The model supports the electrification of the bus lines without route and schedule adjustments. The volume of charged energy at charging units is considered as a variable in the objective function to determine the location of charging units at minimum cost. The model was verified by a case study based on actual bus service data. It was found that the use of static chargers is more favorable if the cost of a static charging unit is less than the cost of a dynamic charger with a length of 1600 m and the charging power of static chargers is three times greater than the charging power of dynamic chargers. The relationship between charging power and the length of the dynamic charging unit was analyzed. It was noted that the use of charging power higher than 162.5 kW at dynamic charging units is not necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric bus; transport network; charging infrastructure; static charging; dynamic charging; cost optimization electric bus; transport network; charging infrastructure; static charging; dynamic charging; cost optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Csonka, B. Optimization of Static and Dynamic Charging Infrastructure for Electric Buses. Energies 2021, 14, 3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123516

AMA Style

Csonka B. Optimization of Static and Dynamic Charging Infrastructure for Electric Buses. Energies. 2021; 14(12):3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123516

Chicago/Turabian Style

Csonka, Bálint. 2021. "Optimization of Static and Dynamic Charging Infrastructure for Electric Buses" Energies 14, no. 12: 3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123516

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