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Article

Decentralized Control Strategy for an AC Co-Phase Traction Microgrid

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China
2
College of Engineering, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010007
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power Quality in Electrified Transportation Systems)
High speed and heavy loads have become more prevalent in the traction power supply system recently. To ensure system operating stability, better power quality, and sufficient power capacity, improvements are needed over the conventional traction system. Inspired by the concept of a microgrid (MG), an AC co-phase traction MG system was proposed. Substations were connected to the traction grid as distributed generators operate in islanded mode. Droop control was adopted as the primary control to stabilize the system’s operating frequency and voltage. Considering the operating features of the substation and locomotive load, a de-centralized secondary control strategy was proposed for AC co-phase traction MG system operation with enhanced resiliency. The proposed control strategy could increase system stability and prevent circulation currents between substations. Moreover, the proposed de-centralized coordination between substations does not rely on communication, which promotes the system’s “plug-and-play” functionality. Stability analysis was undertaken and the proposed controller was proved to be exponentially stable. The dynamic response of the proposed controller was validated using comprehensive case studies in MATLAB/Simulink. View Full-Text
Keywords: circulation current; co-phased traction system; secondary control; microgrid circulation current; co-phased traction system; secondary control; microgrid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, L.; Du, Y.; Zhu, L.; Yang, F.; Xiang, S.; Shu, Z. Decentralized Control Strategy for an AC Co-Phase Traction Microgrid. Energies 2021, 14, 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010007

AMA Style

Ma L, Du Y, Zhu L, Yang F, Xiang S, Shu Z. Decentralized Control Strategy for an AC Co-Phase Traction Microgrid. Energies. 2021; 14(1):7. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Lan, Yuhua Du, Leilei Zhu, Fan Yang, Shibiao Xiang, and Zeliang Shu. 2021. "Decentralized Control Strategy for an AC Co-Phase Traction Microgrid" Energies 14, no. 1: 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010007

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