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Open AccessArticle

An Analysis of Energy Use Efficiency in China by Applying Stochastic Frontier Panel Data Models

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Department of Economics, Sogang University, 35 Baekbeom-ro (Sinsu-dong #1), Mapo-gu, Seoul 04107 Korea
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Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Room B5017, P.O. Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jonkoping, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(8), 1892; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081892
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 28 March 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 13 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Economics and Policy in Developed Countries)
This paper investigates energy use efficiency at the province level in China using the stochastic frontier panel data model approach. The stochastic frontier model is a parametric model which allows for the modeling of the relationship between energy use and its determinants using different control variables. The main control variables in this paper are energy policy and environmental and regulatory variables. This paper uses province level data from all provinces in China for the period 2010–2017. Three different models are estimated accounting for the panel nature of the data; province-specific heterogeneity and province-specific energy inefficiency effects are separated. The models differ because of their underlying assumptions, but they also complement each other. The paper also explains the degree of inefficiency in energy use by its possible determinants, including those related to the public energy policy and environmental regulations. This research supplements existing research from the perspective of energy policy and regional heterogeneity. The paper identifies potential areas for improving energy efficiency in the western and northeastern regions of China. Its findings provide new empirical evidence for estimating and evaluating China’s energy efficiency and a transition to cleaner energy sources and production. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; time-variant efficiency; true fixed-effects model; four components stochastic frontier model; determinants of inefficiency; Chinese provinces energy efficiency; time-variant efficiency; true fixed-effects model; four components stochastic frontier model; determinants of inefficiency; Chinese provinces
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Zheng, X.; Heshmati, A. An Analysis of Energy Use Efficiency in China by Applying Stochastic Frontier Panel Data Models. Energies 2020, 13, 1892.

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