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Open AccessArticle

Decomposition Analysis of the Carbon Emissions of the Manufacturing and Industrial Sector in Thailand

Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, School of Liberal Arts, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
Faculty of Economics, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Bureau of Industrial Sectors Development, Iron and Steel Institute of Thailand, 1st-2nd Fl., Bangkok 10110, Thailand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 6th International Conference on Energy and Environment Research, ICEER 2019, 22–25 July, Aveiro, Portugal.
Energies 2020, 13(4), 798;
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 1 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges Towards Sustainable Energy)
Since the 1990s, CO2 emissions have increased steadily in line with the growth of production and the use of energy in the manufacturing sector in Thailand. The Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index Method is used for analysing the sources of changes in CO2 emissions as well as the CO2 emission intensity of the sector in 2000–2018. On average throughout the period, both the amount of CO2 emissions and the CO2 emission intensity increased each year relative to the baseline. The structural change effect (effect of changes of manufacturing production composition) reduced, but the intensity effect (effect of changes of CO2 emissions of individual industries) increased the amount of CO2 emissions and the CO2 emission intensity. The unfavourable CO2 emission intensity change came from the increased energy intensity of individual industries. The increased use of coal and electricity raised the CO2 emissions, whereas the insignificant change in emission factors showed little impact. Therefore, the study calls for policies that decrease the energy intensity of each industry by limiting the use of coal and reducing the electricity used by the manufacturing sector so that Thailand can make a positive contribution to the international community’s effort to achieve the goal of CO2 emissions reduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon emissions; decomposition; manufacturing sector; Thailand carbon emissions; decomposition; manufacturing sector; Thailand
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Chontanawat, J.; Wiboonchutikula, P.; Buddhivanich, A. Decomposition Analysis of the Carbon Emissions of the Manufacturing and Industrial Sector in Thailand. Energies 2020, 13, 798.

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