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Open AccessArticle

Dynamic and Economic Investigation of a Solar Thermal-Driven Two-Bed Adsorption Chiller under Perth Climatic Conditions

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Department of Alternative Energy Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Al-Zaytoonah University, P.O. Box 130, Amman 11733, Jordan
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tafila Technical University, P.O. Box 179, Tafila 66110, Jordan
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School of Engineering, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 65, Hobart 7001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(4), 1005; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13041005
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2020 / Accepted: 19 February 2020 / Published: 24 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Convection Process and Entropy Generation in Different Fluids)
Performance assessment of a two-bed silica gel-water adsorption refrigeration system driven by solar thermal energy is carried out under a climatic condition typical of Perth, Australia. A Fourier series is used to simulate solar radiation based on the actual data obtained from Meteonorm software, version 7.0 for Perth, Australia. Two economic methodologies, Payback Period and Life-Cycle Saving are used to evaluate the system economics and optimize the need for solar collector areas. The analysis showed that the order of Fourier series did not have a significant impact on the simulation radiation data and a three-order Fourier series was good enough to approximate the actual solar radiation. For a typical summer day, the average cooling capacity of the chiller at peak hour (13:00) is around 11 kW while the cyclic chiller system coefficient of performance (COP) and solar system COP are around 0.5 and 0.3, respectively. The economic analysis showed that the payback period for the solar adsorption system studied was about 11 years and the optimal solar collector area was around 38 m2 if a compound parabolic collector (CPC) panel was used. The study indicated that the utilization of the solar-driven adsorption cooling is economically and technically viable for weather conditions like those in Perth, Australia. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption chiller; silica gel; solar cooling; sconomic analysis adsorption chiller; silica gel; solar cooling; sconomic analysis
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Alahmer, A.; Wang, X.; Alam, K.C.A. Dynamic and Economic Investigation of a Solar Thermal-Driven Two-Bed Adsorption Chiller under Perth Climatic Conditions. Energies 2020, 13, 1005.

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